09 Apr Our Father Who Art In Heaven Meaning | The Lord’s Prayer
The Lord’s Prayer begins with an idea that seems easy enough to understand. Jesus wants to establish God as our heavenly Father, and we as his children. What we often fail to notice though is what Jesus doesn’t say—yet what he leaves out is just as important. What Jesus doesn’t say is that we should pray to God as “My Father.” We are taught to address him as “Our Father” because prayer is not about individualism. It is not a private wish factory,1 churning out favors so that we can escape the hardships of life. Its purpose is to bring us together:2 to bring unity to our relationship with God and his creation.3
But why does Jesus describe God as a father figure? Why not “Our Mother” or “Our Creator”? Or why not just say “Our God”? Before trying to answer this, we need to recognize that our lives are defined by our relationships: the good and the bad. The roads we’ve taken have been paved by the arguments, joys, sadness, and desires we’ve shared with our family and friends. These roads though frequently do not lead to Christ or the kingdom of God.4 So Jesus demands that we tear them up.
He challenges us to hate our fathers, mothers, brothers, and sisters, and abandon the life we’ve come to know.5 It’s an alarming request. If a preacher ordered his followers to do that today, we would call him a cult leader or religious crackpot. So what are we to make of this demand?
It’s doubtful that early Christians manufactured this teaching, since it directly opposes the Mosaic law of honoring thy parents. Yet the message seems to clearly contradict Christ’s gospel of love.6 Why are we to love our neighbors as ourselves but then hate our families? Let’s first step back for a moment and consider Jesus’s larger teaching methods. After all, this isn’t the only time in the Gospels that he makes demands that seem outlandish or unrealistic. For example, how many of us are really prepared to sell our possessions and give everything to the poor?7
Jesus as Psychologist
As a spiritual teacher, Jesus had a keen understanding of human nature and the mind. He knew that most of his followers lived hopelessly one sided lives—their attachments to material things and family always seeking primacy. It is no different with us today. So to break these attachments, Jesus plays a clever psychological game. He demands our exact opposite behavior: in other words, hating our parents (while loving God alone); and abandoning our worldly goods (while earning treasures in heaven).
But we have to remember that this is only a temporary mind game. Jesus doesn’t expect us to turn our backs on our families forever or take vows of abject poverty. His hope is that these harsh commands will serve as an internal baptism of fire.8 And that as the flames rise up, they will be doused with the living water of the Holy Spirit,9 so that we will emerge from the ashes as harmonious new creations—instinctively knowing what things to render Caesar and what things to render God.10
To bring this new being to term, Jesus couldn’t refer to God simply as an abstraction. He had to make God tangible to us in a very human way—that is, as a parent. He also had to contend with Old Testament scripture. In matters related to “religion,” Jesus knew a lighter touch was needed than that which he used when dealing with our earthly attachments. For example, even though he turns many Mosaic laws on their head, his ministry wouldn’t have gotten very far had he gone around telling Israel to hate the prophets. He also couldn’t ignore the wisdom contained in Jewish scripture.11
So Jesus hit upon an ingenious solution. He told his followers that he came not to do away with the prophets but to complete them.12 This gave him plenty of breathing room to teach the gospel of Christ. Unfortunately, the people of Israel again took his words at face value. They viewed it as evidence that their earthly messiah had arrived. Thus we find the Gospel writers continually trying to neatly package Jesus’s life as the culmination of Jewish prophecy.13
Jesus’s difficulty was that while he needed to speak in terms that his followers could understand, he also wanted to break away from religious orthodoxy.14 Therefore, it is likely that he chose to call God a father (rather than a mother) for reasons other than simply following Judaic tradition. But what are they? Well, if we stop to reflect on the bonds between parent and child, we often recognize two distinctly different (but equally important) kinds of love—which in turn give rise to two different kinds of relationships.
The Lord’s Prayer & The Father Figure
Although the roles of mothers and fathers are often in flux, and have changed in recent decades, the larger archetypes of what motherhood and fatherhood represent remain the same. As the earth gives birth to life, our mothers give birth to us. They suckle us at their breasts and teach important life lessons along the way. After we leave home, we expect them to always offer encouragement, unconditional love, and our old rooms should the world get too rough. Our fathers’ love is a different matter. There we find the firmer hand. The kind of love that encourages us to action, to get up off our butts and do something!
Just as the “mother’s” love presses us to her bosom, the “father’s” pushes us out the door. As children, we often don’t go willingly, but crying and grinding our teeth,15 because we were so happy playing indoors. Then, as the years pass, we venture outside more and more. We want to please our dads and make them proud. We want to live up in some way to their high expectations. This is the reason Jesus calls out to our “Father” in heaven at the beginning of The Lord’s Prayer. It’s his reminder to us that God’s love is a call to action:16 a call to live up to our divine potential, to experience life more abundantly, to make his kingdom come.
Read Chapter 2: Hallowed Be Thy Name Meaning (Understanding God’s Identity)
- God, your Father, knows what you need before you ask him. – Matthew 6:8 [↩]
- So that sower and reaper rejoice together. – John 4:36 [↩]
- “The harvest,” he said, “is abundant, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray to the Owner of the harvest to send laborers to gather in his harvest.” – Luke 10:2 [↩]
- “Master,” someone asked, “are there but few in the path of salvation?” And Jesus answered: 24 “Strive to go in by the small door. Many, I tell you, will seek to go in, but they will not be able.” – Luke 13: 23–25 [↩]
- “If anyone comes to me and does not hate their father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters, yes and his very life, they can be no disciple of mine.” – Luke 14:26 [↩]
- I give you a new commandment: love one another; love one another as I have loved you. 35 It is by this that everyone will recognize you as my disciples—by your loving one another.” – John 13:34-35 [↩]
- “If you wish to be perfect,” answered Jesus, “go and sell your property, and give to the poor, and you shall have wealth in heaven; then come and follow me.” – Matthew 19:21 [↩]
- “I came to cast fire upon the earth; and what more can I wish, if it is already kindled? 50 There is a baptism that I must undergo, and how great is my distress until it is over! – Luke 12:49 [↩]
- You who believe in me, as scripture says, out of your heart shall flow rivers of living water.” – John 7:38 [↩]
- “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. – Matthew 22:21 [↩]
- If you want to enter the life, keep the commandments. – Matthew 19:17 [↩]
- “Do not think that I have come to do away with the law or the prophets; I have not come to do away with them, but to complete them. – Matthew 5:17 [↩]
- This happened in fulfillment of these words by the prophet: 5 ‘Say to the daughter of Zion: Behold, thy King is coming to thee, Gentle, and riding on an ass, and on the foal of a beast of burden.” – Matthew 21:4-5 [↩]
- So the Pharisees and the teachers of the law asked Jesus this question: “How is it that your disciples do not follow the traditions of our ancestors, but eat their food with defiled hands?” 6 His answer was: “It was well said by Isaiah when he prophesied about you hypocrites in the words: ‘This is a people that honor me with their lips, While their hearts are far removed from me; 7 But vainly do they worship me, For they teach but the precepts of men.’ – Mark 7:5-7 [↩]
- Then the king said to the attendants: ‘Tie him hand and foot, and ‘put him out into the darkness’ outside, where there will be weeping and grinding of teeth.’ Matthew 13:41-43 [↩]
- But those who act upon the truth come to the light, that their actions born in God may be made manifest. – John 3:21 [↩]